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Trafficking in Persons

The Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report is the U.S. Government’s principal diplomatic tool to engage foreign governments on human trafficking. It is also the world’s most comprehensive resource of governmental anti-human trafficking efforts and reflects the U.S. Government’s commitment to global leadership on this key human rights and law enforcement issue.

The United States Government considers trafficking in persons to include all of the criminal conduct involved in forced labor and sex trafficking, which is essentially reducing or holding someone in compelled service. Social scientists estimate that as many as 27 million men, women, and children are trafficking victims at any given time.

The fight against human trafficking is attracting worldwide attention because trafficking threatens human rights, public health, and the safety and security of nations. In September 2012, President Barack Obama said:

“It ought to concern every person, because it’s a debasement of our common humanity. It ought to concern every community, because it tears at the social fabric. It ought to concern every business, because it distorts markets. It ought to concern every nation, because it endangers public health and fuels violence and organized crime. I’m talking about the injustice, the outrage, of human trafficking, which must be called by its true name – modern slavery.”

The efforts of governments to fight human trafficking are rated in tiers in the report based on concrete actions taken throughout the year. The standards used to determine these ratings can be found at

Trafficking in Persons Report

The Secretary of State submits the annual "Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000: Trafficking in Persons Report" to Congress.


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